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6種技巧讓你在職學習成效倍增(雙語)
作者:佚名   來源:本站原創  日期:2020-6-4 15:38:10  點擊數:905
       Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave. It is without doubt that we all have to study, and many of us never stop. However, there are techniques that are pivotal to know in order to study effectively and properly. These techniques could be the deciding factor as to whether we pass or fail. These 6 techniques to study effectively are extremely practical and will aid you in your studies。

   人一生都在求知。毫無疑問,所有人都必須學習,有些人甚至終生孜孜不倦。但是,正確有效地學習是有技巧的,而這些技巧或許就能決定成敗。下面就列出6個有效學習的實用技巧,希望能對你有所幫助。

  Note Making

  1、記筆記

  In order to study, a person is required to understand what he or she is learning. A great way of understanding/learning is by making notes of the content you are reading. Note making comprises of linear notes, diagrams, charts, and so forth. The key to any note making is that you make points of the work you understand and not simply rewriting everything you read. An exceptional note making style is using summaries. Summaries are a written record of all the important points in a short and concise version. They’re excellent for using when an exam is fast approaching。

  既然是學習,就該明白學的是什么,而記錄閱讀筆記就是理解或學習的好方法。筆記可以有劃線、示意圖、表格等等。記筆記的關鍵在于突出重點,而不是簡單地抄寫所有內容。另外一種方法就是摘要,即用一段話簡明扼要地概述要點,對付考試很管用。

  Practice

  2、練習

  Studying is meant to enable you to apply your learned knowledge to real life situations. If you’re in the accounting field, the best way to study is by practicing with examples and questions. Answering questions and past year exam papers equips you with knowledge on what to expect from an exam. It’s important that you have all the necessary tools at your disposal, such as a calculator so you don’t waste time on simple equations。

  學習的最終目的還是讓你能在現實生活環境中實際應用。如果你是會計專業,最好的辦法就是通過例子和問題進行練習,而練習以往的考試習題有助于準備接下來的考試。當然,計算器等必備工具也很重要,避免時間浪費在簡單方程上。

  Study Environment and Room temperature

  3、熟悉環境和室內氣溫

  Often enough, we study in a place that we feel comfortable in, but this has both pros and cons. Make sure that the room you’re studying in is not too cold or too warm. A cold room will make you feel uneasy whereas an overly warm room will make you feel lethargic and lazy. Be sure to have a proper ventilation system or simply open up a window. Choose a room/place that you’re well accustomed to, a place you feel comfortable in with good lighting。

  通常我們喜歡在舒適的環境中學習,但這也有利弊。確保學習的房間不要太冷或太溫暖。太冷會不舒服,太溫暖又會讓人懶散得昏昏欲睡。確保房間有通風系統,要么就把窗子打開。選擇在光亮適宜、讓你感到舒適的地方學習。

  Distractions and Interruptions

 4、 撇開分心和干擾

  You may need to decipher between a distraction and an interruption. A distraction is something like your computer or Facebook whereas an interruption is something like a phone ringing or a noisy person. Keep all distractions away from yourself while you’re studying, and choose a time when you’re alone or it’s quiet enough for you to study. It takes a lot of concentration to study properly, and there’s no guarantee that you can focus again once your train of thought is disturbed。

  分心和干擾有所不同。電腦或Facebook可能引起分心,而電話或他人的噪音則屬于干擾。學習時請遠離讓你分心的事物,一定要保證注意力集中,否則一旦分心就很難再次專心了。

  Goal Setting

  5、設定目標

  In order to make progress with your studies, it’s great if you set mini goals or objectives for yourself. Set out an allocated amount of work you want to complete for a day and make sure you do it. Every time you accomplish a mini goal, reward yourself with some free time. This will assure that you’re properly motivated and certainly won’t suffer from a burn out from over-studying。

  要想取得進步,就該為自己設定一些小目標。定下一天需要完成的學習量,然后盡力做好。每次完成一個小目標,就獎勵自己稍微休息一下。這樣你既充滿動力,又不會因為過度學習而感到身心疲憊。

  Sleep, Diet and Supplements

  6、保證睡眠、飲食和補充營養

  To end this post, I’d like to emphasize that a healthy routine is important to your success with studying. Your body needs to brace itself for intense studying, which is why you should get at least 7 hours of sleep, keeping in mind that the time you get to bed before 22 counts the most. Have a proper diet, including not living off energy drinks or takeout. A proper diet consists of 3 to 5 meals a day with average portions and food that is lean and clean. In order to keep up your strength and mental vitality, you could try out a multi-vitamin, provided that you check with your GP first. The greatest obstacle to face is having a balanced lifestyle, as studying is very time and energy consuming, which is why an overall healthy lifestyle is highly recommended。

  最后我要強調的是,健康作息對有效學習至關重要。當你集中學習時,身體也會不自覺地進入緊張狀態,所以,必須保證至少有7小時的睡眠,盡量確保22:00之前上床。健康的飲食不能有耗能飲料或外賣,而應每天攝入3-5餐的精細健康食物。同時,為了保證身心精力充沛,你還可以服用多種維生素,當然前提是醫生認為這沒什么問題。最難做到的就是平衡的生活方式,畢竟學習非常需要時間和精力,養成健康的生活方式因此也就顯得尤為重要。 
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